We asked you five questions about Pakistan. Here come the answers!
- The name “Pakistan” was coined as an acronym of five predominantly Muslim provinces of British India. But it also has a meaning in Urdu. What?
Land of the Pure. Activist Choudhry Rahmat Ali invented the term in 1933 as a composite of Punjab, Afghania, Kashmir, Sindh and Baluchistan. Notably, East Bengal (which became East Pakistan and later Bangladesh) doesn’t get a mention as it was part of the united (Hindu-majority) Bengal province at the time.
- Which city was Pakistan’s capital immediately before Islamabad acquired that status?
Rawalpindi. The original capital, Karachi, was West Pakistan’s largest city but was felt to be vulnerable to a coastal attack and too remote from the contested Kashmir region. So the capital was moved temporarily to ’Pindi in 1958 while a new capital city was built on the site that is now Islamabad.
- As of 2018, Pakistan have won the World Cup in which sport a record four times?
Hockey (or “field hockey”). The Hockey World Cup was launched in 1971 and is now held in even-numbered years between Summer Olympic Games. Pakistan had been due to host the first World Cup, but the venue was shifted to Spain because of tensions between India and Pakistan over the war in East Pakistan. Pakistan’s victories to date came in 1971, 1978, 1982 and 1994.
- What world first did late politician Benazir Bhutto achieve on 25 January 1990?
She became the first democratically elected head of government to give birth while in office, to her daughter Bakhtawar Bhutto Zardari. The next to do so was New Zealand’s Jacinda Ardern, on 21 June 2018.
- What significant contribution has the town of Sialkot in north-east Punjab made to the 2018 FIFA World Cup?
Many of the footballs were made there. The Adidas Telstar 18 is a homage to the original Telstar football that featured in the 1970 World Cup in Mexico and, like the earlier ball, has a predominantly black-and-white pattern intended to make it easy to see on television screens. Unlike the earlier ball, though, its panels are seamlessly glued together rather than stitched, and there are only six panels rather than 32.
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